The Internet is awash with not-so-helpful essay writing advice, rendering it tricky for students to find the advice they want when writing essays. So our experts that are academic written the following suggestions so that you could utilise before and whilst crafting your essay, to ensure your writing hits the mark.
Understand the question
This might, during the face from it, sound like somewhat banal advice – but simple fact is the fact that failing woefully to properly comprehend the question set is one of, or even the most common reason behind a disappointing grade with regards to essay writing. Have you been being asked to critically evaluate something? Compare and contrast? Analyse a particular circumstance? Evaluate the usefulness of a concept that is particular?
They are a number of the common phrases found in essay questions, and every indicates a set that is different of. You have to gain an understanding not only of said theory, but also other common approaches if you are asked to critically evaluate a particular theoretical approach, for instance. They must all be weighed against each other, highlighting the relative strengths and weaknesses of each and every theory and, importantly, you need to arrived at a well-justified and confident conclusion. Is the theory good? What exactly are its flaws? Just how can it is improved?
You don’t necessarily need to go into as much critical depth if you are asked to evaluate the usefulness of something, however. Yes, you need to still acknowledge alternative approaches, and yes, you should still note some strengths and weaknesses – nevertheless the bulk of the task must emphasise the concepts usefulness that is practical. Possibly the best approach is to locate one, or a few, case studies in which the theory has been utilized – the thing that was the outcome of this? Does the use of the theory reveal any particular shortcomings, or strengths?
“Compare and that is contrast, meanwhile, are essentially a hybrid associated with above – you ought to take a vital approach and evaluate the literature, however your focus has to remain solidly from the theories that you have now been asked to compare and contrast. It’s important to show that you understand both (or all) core theories in great depth, both on a applied and theoretical level.
In essence, the wording for the essay question will inform you the way the essay should really be written. It will indicate where in actuality the focus of your essay should lie while you write and research.
Plan and schedule
Knowing the real question is the first step, however it is incredibly important which you make efficient utilization of the time that is available. Students often underestimate the amount of work required to write a great essay, which results in two things: (1) late nights during the library, and (2) a disappointing grade. You should start planning your essay the moment you receive the essay question if you want to achieve a good mark. The next table may be a useful aid:
|Understand the question||(Insert date)|
|Map the essay chapters||(Insert date)|
|Collect articles||(Insert date)|
|Read and take notes||(Insert date)|
|Start writing||(Insert date)|
|Finish draft that is firstInsert date)|
|Hand in||(Insert date)|
By setting deadlines that you won’t be left with too much work right before your hand-in date for yourself and committing to stick to them, you are ensuring. It’s also important that you leave time, ideally a few days, between finishing your draft that is first and.
Perfect theories and academic approaches are rare – the clear greater part of theories, arguments, and research reports have flaws. Being descriptive is okay if you are looking to scrape a pass, but also for a higher grade you ought to show that you’re able to leverage critical reasoning in your working with academic materials. Exactly what are the limitations of this theories you will be drawing on? How have these been dealt with when you look at the literature? Just how can they impact the standard of arguments presented, and to what extent do they limit our comprehension of what you are studying? What alternate explanations might offer additional depth?
Critical thinking is what can certainly make your essay stick out. It shows the marker throughout your studies, but actually engaging with theories in an academic manner that you are not simply repeating the arguments that have been fed to you. A way that is good practice it is to pay for careful attention when reading literature reviews in published articles – you will find that authors don’t simply summarise previous studies, but offer a critique ultimately causing a gap for their own research.
Structure, flow and concentrate
Itself, which is why it is imperative that your essay follows a logical structure how you present your argument is nearly as important as the argument. A vintage piece of advice is always to “tell them what you are actually likely to inform them, then let them know, and inform them what you told them” – this, in essence, summarises the core introduction, main body, and conclusion structure of the essay.
Having a definite and logical structure will help make sure that your essay stays focused, and doesn’t stray from the question being answered. Each section, paragraph, and sentence should add value to your argument you are presenting. As you are writing, it is good to take a step as well as ask yourself “what value performs this sentence/section add? How exactly does it connect to my argument that is overarching?” If you find which you can’t answer that question, there was a top risk which you have strayed from your own core argument, and you might would you like to reconsider the path you’re taking.
It’s also advisable to ensure that all of the different areas of your essay fit together as a cohesive and whole that is logical and that the transition from 1 argument to another is fluid. Students often treat essays as lists of arguments, presenting one following the other with little to no consideration for how they fit together, which inevitably results in a diminished grade. Make sure to tell your reader why you might be transitioning from a single argument to another, why these are typically in this order that is particular and how each argument helps shed light on a certain part of what you essay papers for college are actually discussing.
Whether you should read the article as a whole if you are still not a hundred percent sure, it is usually a good idea to skip to the conclusion – this usually contains a detailed summary of the study, which will help determine. You don’t want to spend time reading through and endless quantity of articles merely to discover that they aren’t actually relevant. After you have identified a few solid articles, you need to (a) go through their bibliographies and take note of who they are citing, as they articles will likely be of value for the own research; and (b) check up on Google Scholar to see who has got cited them. For this, simply input the name associated with the article when you look at the search bar and hit enter. In the total results, click “cited by” – this can return a listing of every one of the articles which have cited the publication you looked for.
It’s important that you haven’t engaged with the wider literature that you don’t rely too heavily on one or a couple of texts, as this indicates to the marker. You need to be particularly careful in using course books (i.e. “introduction to management” and the like), since these are essentially summaries of other people’s work.
Quoting, paraphrasing and plagiarism
Academic writing requires a careful balance between novel argument, and drawing on arguments presented by others. Writing a completely ‘novel’ essay, without drawing about the same source, indicates that you haven’t produced a novel argument that you haven’t made yourself familiar with what has already been published; citing someone for every point made suggests. As such, it’s important that you provide evidence (a credible citation) whenever you are making a statement of fact, or drawing on arguments, frameworks, and theories presented by other academics. These, in turn, should support the overarching novel argument that you yourself are making.